Vyshnivets PALACE

The village of Vyshnivets is a patrimony of Princes Vyshnevetskiy. Due to a noble birth, large possessions and wide connections, their family played a prominent role in the country’s history. Among them, there were outstanding military leaders (Dmytro and Yarema Vyshnevetskiy), influential officials, and even one Polish king (Mykhailo Korybut-Vyshnevetskiy). The wonderful palace of the Vyshnevetskiy has preserved to nowadays. Today it hosts the museum, which is a branch of the National Historical and Architectural Reserve «Ternopil Castles».

vyshnivets-palaceThese lands were given into possession of the Russian-Lithuanian Prince Dmytro Korybut of the Gedymin dynasty in 1395. In the middle of the 15th century, his grandson Soltan constructed Vyshnivets Castle that gave rise to a settlement with the same name. The castle was located not in the site of the present-day palace, but on the opposite bank of Horyn River, where there is the present-day village of Stariy Vyshnivets.

In 1494, Mykhailo Vasyliovych Vyshnevetskiy, who was the nephew of Soltan, had constructed a new castle where he settled and became known as Prince Vyshnevetskiy thus giving start to this dynasty. In 1517, the grandson of Mykhailo Vyshnevetskiy was born there – this man, Dmytro Ivanovych Vyshnevetskiy was destined to become a great commander and a legendary person.

vyshnivets-palaceTo protect the Ukrainian lands from raids of Turks and Tatars, Dmytro Vyshnevetskiy united Cossack detachments and spent his own funds to construct a castle of wood and earth on the island of Mala Khortytsia, which historians consider to be a predecessor of Zaporizhyan Sich.

Using this fortress as their military base, the Cossacks led by the Prince managed to make several devastating campaigns against Tatar and Turkish territories. By his valor and courage, Dmytro Vyshnevetskiy earned great military glory among the Cossacks, which only increased after his tragic death. In 1563, the Prince was captured by the Turkish sultan Suleiman I. The enemies executed him by hanging him on the hook by his ribs. The Prince was hanging there for three days ridiculing and mocking their religion, until Turks grew furious at him and killed the man with their arrows.

vyshnivets-palace-1The last representative of the Vyshnevetskiy family, prince Mykhailo Ser-vatiy became famous as a writer and a poet. It was him who reconstructed the castle into the family palace in the French Renaissance style, and the castle was lucky to keep this appearance till our days.

The prince had a huge collection of paintings and a large library, due to which Vyshnevetskiy Palace was known far beyond Ukraine. Some books from the Vyshnevetskiy collection are now stored at the Vernadskiy National Library of Ukraine and some of the paintings are now at the National Art Museum of Ukraine.