SAMCHYKY PALACE

The palace and park complex located in the village of Samchyky can boast its well-preserved buildings and appears as one of the few complete examples of a 18th- 19lh century estate in the whole country. The territory of the estate is the state historical and cultural reserve, and the palace houses a museum.

The palace is built in the style of late Polish classicism by the architect Jakub Kubytskiy. The palace interiors, which once impressed visitors by their luxury, have been partially preserved. Its halls were decorated with sophisticated taste and original elements: the ceiling was decorated with fretworks, and walls with paintings. Today, visitors can see the Blue, the Great, and the Roman halls, and the Dormitory, as well as the gem of the palace, the Japanese study, which is an example of oriental trends in the European art. The walls of the study are painted in the Japanese style, with specific images, which are samurais, dragons, and sakura branches.

Around the palace, there stretches a park with a lake, which is considered to be one of the best in the country. The area of the park is 18 hectares. The famous gardener Dionis Mikler worked to establish it. There were planted over 150 species of trees and bushes, including many exotic and rare plants, listed in the Green Book of Ukraine. For the most thermophilic plants, they have arranged an open greenhouse in the park. The special monument of the park is the «Chinese house», which is the original ancient building meant to be a refrigerator.

The first one to eguip the estate in Samchyky was Jan Hoetskiy who did so in the 18th century. The main buildings, which have survived to this day, appeared at the end of the 18th century, when the owner of the estate was Colonel Petro Chechel from Haisyn. He built the palace and founded the park. The estate also had wings, a stable, a chapel, and a Polish Catholic church.

In 1863, the notorious January uprising against the Russian Empire took place on the right bank of Ukraine. The Chechels were also among the rebels, and for this reason their estate in Samchyky was confiscated and sold at an auction. The new owner of the palace was a historian Ugriumov, who continued traditions of cultural life in the residence.

The next owner of the palace was M. Shestakov, who was a managing director of several sugar factories that belonged to industrialist M. I. Tereshchenko. Shestakov went down in history as a publisher of the first Ukrainian agricultural journal. In his days, the architectural complex of the estate was supplemented by the main entrance gate.

In the Soviet times the estate housed an research agricultural station. The value of the park complex had been appreciated at the state level, and in the 1960s, the palace and the park were revived as a museum complex. Today it is a popular tourist attraction of